A lot of wrinkle creams and lotions sold in drugstores, department stores and on the internet promise to prevent or reverse damage caused by the sun and reduce wrinkles. But the question asked is do skin creams for wrinkles actually work? That often depends on the specific ingredients and how long they are in use. They are not required to undergo scientific research to prove their effectiveness because these over the counter (non-prescription) wrinkle creams are not classified as drugs.
Common ingredients in anti-wrinkle creams
The active ingredient or ingredients form the basis of the effectiveness of anti-wrinkle creams. Some common ingredients that may result in slight to modest improvement in the appearance of wrinkles are:
- Retinol- The first antioxidant to be widely used in non-prescription wrinkle creams is a vitamin A compound. Antioxidants are substances that neutralize free radicals – unstable oxygen molecules that cause wrinkles by breaking down skin cells.
- Vitamin C- An additional potent antioxidant, vitamin C helps protect the skin from sun damage. Wrinkle creams containing vitamin C must be stored in a way that protects them from air and sunlight, before and between uses.
- Coenzyme Q10- This ingredient may help reduce fine wrinkles around the eyes and protect the skin from sun damage.
- Extracts of tea- Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties are contained in compounds of oolong, black and green tea. The ones most commonly found are green tea extracts.
- Extracts of grape seed- Grape seed extract also promotes wound healing in addition to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Niacinamide- This substance is related to Vitamin B-3 (niacin), a potent antioxidant. This may improve skin elasticity and helps reduce water loss in the skin.
Depending on how often one uses it, the type and amount of active ingredient in the wrinkle cream and the extent of the wrinkles one wants to treat, an anti-wrinkle cream may lessen the appearance of the wrinkles. Try these more reliable ways to improve and maintain the skin’s youthful appearance.
- Protect skin from the sun. The natural aging process of the skin causing wrinkles and rough, blotchy skin are speeded up through exposure to Ultra Violet light. Even in winter also use sunscreen on exposed skin year-round when outdoors.
- Prefer products with built-in sunscreen. Choose those with a built-in SPF of at least 15, when selecting skin care products. Be sure also to select products that are broad spectrum, meaning they block both Ultra UVA (long wave) and UVB (short wave) rays.
- Use moisturizers. Fine lines and wrinkles are created by dry skin which turns plump skin cells into shrivelled skin cells. While they can temporarily mask tiny lines and creases they can’t prevent wrinkles.
- Don’t smoke. The narrowing of the blood vessels in the outermost layers of the skin is caused by smoking. The fibres that give the skin its strength and elasticity viz collagen and elastin are also damaged.
By assessing the skin type, evaluating the skin’s condition and recommending products likely to be effective, a dermatologist can help create a personalized skin care plan. A dermatologist can also recommend medical treatments for wrinkles, skin–resurfacing techniques or botulinum toxin (Botox) injections including prescription creams, if looking for more dramatic results.